Hemogram Test – Purpose, Procedure, Price
A Hemogram test or a complete blood test is a group of tests that measures any signs of disease or infection in the body. This hemogram test detects even the smallest signs of abnormalities and offers imperative information about the signs or causes of an illness. A complete hemogram test primarily consists of three components: Red Blood Cells (RBCs), White Blood Cells (WBCs), and Platelets. The prime objective of this test is to monitor the overall health condition of elderly people.
A hemogram test price is Rs. 200-Rs.400. The price may vary depending on your location.
|Also known as||Hemogram test, complete blood count|
|Hemogram test includes||WBC, RBC, Platelet, and ESR|
|Preparation||No specific requirements|
|Reporting||Within 24 hrs|
|Test price||The price for this test is between Rs. 200 – Rs. 400|
|Also included in||Health Insurance Plans|
|Related tests||blood sugar test, kidney function test, liver function test. C-reactive protein (CRP)|
What is the Purpose of the Hemogram Test?
A hemogram test is usually performed to monitor the overall health condition of elderly people. This test measures the below-mentioned health problems and chronic diseases in elderly patients.
- Heart problems
- Bleeding disorders
- Autoimmune disorders
- Infection or inflammation
- Problems in Bone Marrow
- Anemia (low Hemoglobin)
A Hemogram test means a group of tests that are used to perform from your blood sample. Following are the parameters measured in the hemogram test.
- Platelet Crit (PCT)
- Mean Cell Volume (MCV)
- Mean Platelet Volume (MPV)
- Peripheral Smear Examination
- Platelet Large Cell Ratio (P-LCR)
- Platelet Distribution Width (PDW)
- Total count of WBC, RBC & Platelets
- Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)
- Packed Cell Volume (PCV) OR Hematocrit (HCT)
- Mean Cell Hemoglobin (MCH) & it’s Concentration [MCH meaning in blood test is the average amount in each of your red blood cells of a protein called hemoglobin]
- RBC Distribution Width-Standard Deviation (RDW-SD)
- RBC Distribution Width-Coefficient of Variation (RDW-CV)
- Absolute count of Neutrophils, Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Eosinophils & Basophils
- Differential count of Neutrophils, Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Eosinophils & Basophils
Hemogram Test Preparation
This test doesn’t demand any special preparation and can be performed on a sample of blood. But some factors may interfere with the test results. These factors could be:
- Some medicines like diuretics, antibiotics, steroids, etc.
- Some types of allergies
- High Triglyceride level
- Vigorous exercise
Hemogram test procedure
A hemogram test is carried out by taking the blood sample of an individual. There are no special requirements to perform the test. Let’s take a look at the test procedure.
- First, you need to visit your nearby hospital or pathology lab.
- The lab technician will clean the area of your arm (preferably the upper arm) from where the blood should be collected.
- He will tie an elastic band around your upper arm to enhance the blood pressure and easily identify the vein.
- A needle syringe is inserted to collect the blood sample from the vein
- The elastic band is removed after blood collection
- The collected blood will be accumulated in a container for further testing
- You will get the result within a day
Hemogram Test Normal Value
If your test values come within the normal range, then this indicates you are a healthy person. But if the values are above or below the normal range, then you should consult a doctor and follow all the medications.
|Hematocrit or Packed Cell Volume||36% to 46%|
|Hemoglobin||Male = 14-17.5 g/dl |
Females = 12-15 g/dl
|Red Blood Cells Count||Male = 4.5 – 5.9 x 106 |
Females = 4.5 – 5.1 x 106
|Mean Cell Volume||80 – 96 µm|
|Mean Cell Hemoglobin||27 – 33 pg|
|Mean Cell Hemoglobin Concentration||33 – 36 %|
|Red Blood Cells Distribution Width||39 – 46 fL|
|Platelet Count||150 – 450 X 103 / µL|
|Platelet Distribution Width||8.3 – 25 fL|
|Mean Platelet Volume||8.6 – 15.5 fL|
|Platelet Large Cell Ratio||11.9 – 66.9 %|
|White Blood Cell Count||4,5 – 11 x 109 /L|
|Monocyte Absolute Count||0 – 800 /1800 – 7800 /µL|
|Neutrophil Absolute Count||1800 – 7800 /µL|
|Lymphocyte Absolute Count||1000 – 4800 /µL|
|Eosinophils Absolute Count||0 – 450 /µL|
|Basophils Absolute Count||0 – 200 /µL|
|Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate||0 – 20 mm/hr|
|RBC Distribution Width-Coefficient of Variation||11.6 – 15%|
Is fasting required for a Hemogram?
A Hemogram test is a simple test and no fasting or other special requirements are there to perform the test.
How long does a Hemogram test take?
The process takes 5 to 10 minutes. Sometimes, a little more time is needed to identify a vein. Factors such as dehydration, the experience of the phlebotomist, and the size of your veins may impact how fast a blood sample is collected from your arm.
What does hematocrit mean?
Hematocrit indicates the amount of whole blood that is made up of red blood cells. This depends on the number and size of red blood cells.
What causes a low white blood cell count?
1. Cancer (caused by chemotherapy treatments)
2. Bone marrow disorders or damage
3. Autoimmune disorders
4. Infections (including tuberculosis and HIV)
5. Immune system conditions
6. Crohn's disease
How do you treat high MCV?
The first line of treatment is correcting nutrient deficiencies. Your doctor will prescribe some supplements or foods like spinach and red meat. Take supplements that include folate and other B vitamins. If you can’t absorb oral vitamin B-12 properly, you can take B-12 injections.